The industries produce a lot of heat that continues dissipation which is crucial for working efficiently. This is performed via a heat exchange procedure. This is called the basis of the cooling tower of industries.
Even though these cooling towers have been used since the 20th century, still, the knowledge about them is limited. Some people think that cooling towers lead to pollution, but in reality, the only thing released by the cooling towers in the surrounding is the water vapor.
Different types of cooling towers
After years of development of the cooling towers, these can now be bought in various sizes and types. Each kind of these cooling tower is helpful in particular load configurations. Note that despite the variation in size and classes, the function and basis of cooling are the same – dissipate heat from a building through evaporation.
Below mentioned are the categories of cooling towers:
- Atmospheric cooling tower
- Construction-characterized cooling tower
- Mechanical draft cooling tower
- Hybrid draft cooling tower
- Shape characterized cooling tower
- Airflow characterized cooling tower
- Cooling tower based on the technique of heat transfer
The point mentioned above may include more than one cooling tower. For example, suppose we categorize cooling towers under the term of the heat transfer process. In that case, you will get three types – dry cooling towers, closed-circuit cooling towers, and open circuit cooling towers.
How does an industrial cooling tower work?
The hot water from industrial instruments and commercial AC enters the building and spreads out evenly at the top. Then the water goes down the tower. The device fills and spreads on a large proportion to have a higher water-air contact. This will help to increase heat transfer through evaporation.
A significant amount of air keeps on moving with the fill courtesy of the big fans in towers. As evaporation occurs, water loses heat. It then goes into the tower sump at the bottom. Then the cold water goes to cool down the initial heat source, and this process keeps on repeating itself.
Some portion of the water moves to the drainage via a bleed-off valve to maintain the system dilution. The industrial water cooling tower is fed with freshwater by the make-up line. You won’t be able to detect these practices easily as they co-occur and create a loop.
Efficient usage of cooling tower
An industrial water cooling tower is cost-effective when you use it for industries compared to the other options, but the efficiency challenge may let you down. So, you should look for better industrial cooling tower manufacturers.
Taking care of the efficiency factor is crucial because it ensures the following:
- To reduce the consumption of water
- Saves energy
- Increase the equipment life
- Deduct the cost of operation
Suppose you want your cooling tower to process efficiently. In that case, you must keep three points in mind – understanding the type of industrial cooling tower that has been used, usage of chemical efficiency, and tracing down system loss of water.
Industrial usage of cooling tower
A majority of cooling tower systems are similar in all industries. The main among them are the power, industrial, HVAC, and commercial. In the setups in industries, the heat from the machines is rejected by the system. The heat processes things, among other sources.
They are predominantly found in food processing plants, petrochemical plants, natural gas plants, and petroleum refineries.
A few other usages of the industrial cooling tower are:
- Water-cooled air compressor
- Cold storage
- Die casting machine
- Plastic injection and blow molding machine
- Refrigeration and chilling plant
- Anodizing process plant
- Water-cooled air-conditioning system and VAM machines
- Electrical power generation plant
Air-cooled chillers vs. Cool water chillers
Whenever someone mentions an industrial water cooling tower, in the meaning of ARANER, then the comparison of the two kinds of the cooling system arises. Both of these have their pros and cons. But when it comes to the dry areas, air-cooled chillers are more often used.
Also, when you want reliability and the dependence on water is an essential point at that time too, air-cooled chillers are preferable. One of the significant differences between these systems is that there is no cooling tower in the air-cooled chiller system, which brings the advantage of low maintenance in-service requirements.
The technology behind the cooling tower is essential in the various refrigerating system of the given process of cooling and comfort. However, you might have to choose other industrial cooling tower options if space, energy charges, upfront price, and water availability distract you. Also, check out the best industrial cooling tower manufacturers to get the best quality cooling towers.
Now, you have understood what an industrial cooling tower is and how it works. There are various kinds of cooling towers to choose from, so keep all the points in mind about what kind of industrial water cooling tower you require and choose the best one accordingly.